Little Angel Bird
Reflections on a Young Girl's Death in Alberta



Paula Simons, "Foster mom charged in murder," Edmonton Journal, (June 2, 2010).

Discussion Paper, To Fend For Themselves: Alberta's Approach To Reforming Child Welfare, Alberta's Official Opposition, (June 1997).

Child Welfare Summit: Looking to the Future - An Examination of the State of Child Welfare and Recommendations for Action, Center for the Study of Social Policy and its Center for Community Partnerships in Child Welfare, (April 2003) p 42.

Written Testimony of Marcia Robinson Lowry, Child Welfare Programs, Subcommittee on Oversight of the Committee on Ways and Means, U.S. House of Representatives, January 23, 1995.


To Fend For Themselves, see note above.

Brenda G. McGowan. Historical Evolution of Child Welfare Services: An Examination of the Sources of Current Problems and Dilemmas in McGowan and Meezan, eds, (Itasca, IL: Peacock Publishers) 1983.

Ben Gelinas, "Relatives offered to take baby," Edmonton Journal, (March 6, 2010).

Darcy Henton, "'She was our little angel'," Edmonton Journal, (March 10, 2010).


"Foster mom charged in murder," see note above.

Karen Kliess, "Crowded foster homes under investigation," Edmonton Journal, (March 20, 2010).

"Teen dies in Alberta foster care," CBC News, (April 30, 2010).

"Sask. foster care blasted after child's death," CBC News, (June 12, 2010).


Jeanette Stewart, "Toddler who died in Sask. foster care covered in burns: Family," Vancouver Sun, (June 11, 2010).


Larine Statham, "FACS to be examined over NT girl's death," Sydney Morning Herald, (November 23, 2009).

Kate Howard, "Police: Baby who died in foster care had multiple head injuries," The Tennessean, (February 4, 2010).

Earl Ofari Hutchinson, "How many dead children will it take before reform?," Daily News, (March 31, 2010).

Karlee Weinmann, "Child who died after being submerged in bathtub is identified," Star Tribune, (July 5, 2009).

Associated Press, "Foster Home Sued Over 9-Year-Old Boy's Starvation," WCSH 6 News, originally dated as November 4, 2008 in AP archives.

James A. Carlson, "Couple learns their tot died in foster home crib," Associated Press, (October 8, 2008).

David Hench, "Death of 5-year-old in DHHS care a bitter loss to mom," Morning Sentinel, (March 18, 2008).

Meghan Hurley, "Foster father charged in child's death," Winnipeg Free Press, (January 14, 2009).

"RCMP charge Manitoba foster father in child's death," CBC News, January 14, 2009).


Gabriel Yahyahkeekoot, Problems behind problems: a young person from "The 'Hood" endeavors to stop the ripple effect of cultural genocide, Briarpatch Magazine, (July-August, 2002).

Joyce Timpson, Four Decades of Literature on Native Canadian Child Welfare: Changing Themes, Child Welfare, Vol. 74 (1995).

John D. Fluke, Martin Chabot, Barbara Fallon, Bruce MacLaurin, Cindy Blackstock, Placement decisions and disparities among aboriginal groups: An application of the decision making ecology through multi-level analysis, Child Abuse & Neglect 34 (2010) 57 69.


Joyce Tinson, see note above.


Statement of Julie Kitka, Alaskan Federation of Natives, Indian Child Welfare Act, Select Committee on Indian Affairs, United States Senate, November 10, 1987.

Teresa Carns, Susanne DiPietro, Joan Connors, William Cotton, Marcia Vandercook, Improving the Court Process for Alaska's Children in Need of Aid, Alaska Judicial Council, (1996).

Sheri L. Hazeltine, Speedy Termination of Alaska Native Parental Rights: The 1998 Changes to Alaska's Child in Need of Aid Statutes and Their Inherent Conflict with the Mandates of the Federal Indian Child Welfare Act, 19 Alaska Law Review 57 (2002).


Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, People to People, Nation to Nation, (1996). Highlights of the report are available from Indian and Northern Affairs, Canada.

Conference Plan and Outline, Honour the Past - Live the Present - Create the Future, First Annual International Aboriginal Youth Conference, August 26-30, 1996.

Andrew Armitage, Comparing the Policy of Aboriginal Assimilation: Australia, Canada, and New Zealand, (Vancouver University of British Columbia, 1995).

Opening statement of Senator James Abourezk, Indian Child Welfare Program, Subcommittee on Indian Affairs, Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, United States Senate, April 8 and 9, 1974.

Margaret A. Waller and Michael Yellow Bird, Strengths of First Nations Peoples, Prepublication working monograph listed as: Forthcoming (October, 2001) in D. Saleebey (Ed.). The strengths perspective in social work practice (3rd ed.). (New York: Longman).

Lila J. George, Why the Need for the Indian Child Welfare Act?, 5 Journal of Multicultural Social Work, 165 (1997).

Bringing Them Home: The Report of the National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children from Their Families, Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission, (1997).

Submission of the Positive Justice Centre to the Inquiry into the Institutional Abuse of Children, Senate Community Affairs References Committee, Canberra ACT, (July 31, 2003) cf. Sommerlad, E. Aboriginal Juveniles in Custody (Department of Aboriginal Affairs, Canberra 1977), at footnote 165 in submission.

National Report, Volume 1, Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody, Reconciliation and Social Justice Library (1991) 1.2.17. Complete reports are available from the Reconciliation and Social Justice Library.


Darcy Henton, "'She was our little angel'." See note above.

Karyn Mulcahy, "Candlelight vigil held for murdered toddler," Global News, (March 12, 2010).

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